Kłyszejko B., Chełkowski Z., Chełkowska B., Sobociński A., 2004. Identification of fish remains from early mediaeval layers of the Vegetable Market excavation site in Szczecin, Poland. Acta Ichthyol. Piscat. 34 (1): 85-102.
Background. Considerable amounts of fish bones and scales were discovered in 1953-1963, in an archaeological excavation pit situated in a former Vegetable Market in Szczecin, on the left bank of River Odra.
Materials and methods. Bone remains comprising 725 labelled collections from various dated sediment layers were identified. Individual bones were compared to those of corresponding extant fish species from water bodies near Szczecin and were identified to bone type and assigned to species. The scales were identified as well.
Results. A total of 10 085 (76.2%) bone remains, out of 13 229, could be identified. They belonged to 20 fish species. Most abundant were remains of carp bream (Abramis brama), zander (Sander lucioperca), roach (Rutilus rutilus), tench (Tinca tinca), wels catfish (Silurus glanis), European perch (Perca fluviatilis), northern pike (Esox lucius), and sturgeon (Acipenser sturio).
Conclusion. The majority of fish species targeted by early-mediaeval fishermen are also very important in the present-day fisheries in the area. It can be presumed that intensive sturgeon fishery in early Middle Ages markedly contributed to the species′ extinction from the area.
Keywords: archaeological excavations, early Middle Ages, fish remains